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The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Theory of Heat Radiation, by Dr. Max Planck.

This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at Gutenberg.

Title: | The Theory of Heat Radiation |

Author: | Dr. Max Planck |

Release Date: | June 18, 2012 [EBook #40030] |

Language: | English |

Character set encoding: | UTF-8 |

Markup: | HTML5 + MathML |

Source Markup: | LATEX |

Table of Contents4

Translator’s Preface7

Preface to Second Edition11

Preface to First Edition15

IGeneral Introduction21

IIRadiation at Thermodynamic Equilibrium. Kirchhoﬀ’s Law. Black Radiation57

IMaxwell’s Radiation Pressure103

IIStefan-Boltzmann Law of Radiation127

IIIWien’s Displacement Law147

IVRadiation of Any Arbitrary Spectral Distribution of Energy. Entropy and Temperature of Monochromatic Radiation191

VElectrodynamical Processes in a Stationary Field of Radiation225

IFundamental Deﬁnitions and Laws. Hypothesis of Quanta241

IIIdeal Monatomic Gases263

IIIIdeal Linear Oscillators285

IVDirect Calculation of the Entropy in The Case of Thermodynamic Equilibrium305

IThe Elementary Dynamical Law for The Vibrations of an Ideal Oscillator. Hypothesis of Emission of Quanta315

IIAbsorbed Energy321

IIIEmitted Energy. Stationary State339

IVThe Law of the Normal Distribution Of Energy. Elementary Quanta Of Matter and Electricity357

IFields of Radiation in General397

IIOne Oscillator in the Field of Radiation411

IIIA System of Oscillators421

IVConservation of Energy and Increase Of Entropy. Conclusion435

Author’s Bibliography469

Appendix I473

On Deductions from Stirling’s Formula473

Appendix II483

References483

Translator’s Preface7

Preface to Second Edition11

Preface to First Edition15

IGeneral Introduction21

IIRadiation at Thermodynamic Equilibrium. Kirchhoﬀ’s Law. Black Radiation57

IMaxwell’s Radiation Pressure103

IIStefan-Boltzmann Law of Radiation127

IIIWien’s Displacement Law147

IVRadiation of Any Arbitrary Spectral Distribution of Energy. Entropy and Temperature of Monochromatic Radiation191

VElectrodynamical Processes in a Stationary Field of Radiation225

IFundamental Deﬁnitions and Laws. Hypothesis of Quanta241

IIIdeal Monatomic Gases263

IIIIdeal Linear Oscillators285

IVDirect Calculation of the Entropy in The Case of Thermodynamic Equilibrium305

IThe Elementary Dynamical Law for The Vibrations of an Ideal Oscillator. Hypothesis of Emission of Quanta315

IIAbsorbed Energy321

IIIEmitted Energy. Stationary State339

IVThe Law of the Normal Distribution Of Energy. Elementary Quanta Of Matter and Electricity357

IFields of Radiation in General397

IIOne Oscillator in the Field of Radiation411

IIIA System of Oscillators421

IVConservation of Energy and Increase Of Entropy. Conclusion435

Author’s Bibliography469

Appendix I473

On Deductions from Stirling’s Formula473

Appendix II483

References483